Updated: 18 May 2022
Local Organizing Committee for the IGU Thematic Conference Osaka 2023 (LOC Osaka)
Japan National Committee for the IGU (JNC)
In collaboration with IGU Commissions on:
Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change (C20.17),
Latin American and Caribbean Studies (C20.30),
Political Geography (C20.36), and
Research Institute for Islands and Sustainability (RIIS), University of the Ryukyus, Japan
Abstract Submission & Registration
The process of abstract submission will start in September 2022.
Takashi Yamazaki, Ph.D.
Department of Geography, Osaka Matropolitan University
Date, venue, and format
Date: 4-6 April 2023 (subject to change)
Venue: University Media Center (Sugimoto Library), Osaka Metropolitan University,
Format: Hybrid (in-person and virtual) meeting with online broadcasting
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Main conference theme
This conference focuses on islands from three inter-related viewpoints: conflicts, sustainability, and peace. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) provides the regime of islands in Article 121. Article 121(1) defines an island as “a naturally formed area of land, surrounded by water, which is above water at high tide.” Article 121(3) distinguishes an island from “(r)ocks which cannot sustain human habitation or economic life of their own shall have no exclusive economic zone or continental shelf.” From these provisions, we can understand that an island is legally imagined as a geographical entity habitable for humans and as a mediator of sovereign control over seas and sea terrains surrounding the island. These conceptual elements of an island are keys to understand how it was/is treated domestically and internationally. According to this definition, this conference addresses the following three component questions.
First, islands are in various forms and social, economic, and political relations to other islands and continents. While some islands may constitute a state, others may be dominated by neighboring islands or continental states. Islands are situated in a complex web of sovereign powers. This situation may be called “mainland/island relations” exemplified by colonization, territorialization, militarization, or marginalization. Conflicts can emerge along these lines between states over islands (e.g., territorial disputes or wars) or between the mainland and an island (e.g., forcible annexation or separatism). This conference investigates why and how islands were/are involved in what kind of conflicts or uneven power relations.
Second, islands are geographically characterized by oceanity, remoteness, and smallness. While these aspects may lead to their socio-economic vulnerability, they can open islands toward fishery, inter-island networks, and maritime trade. Islands’ unique climate, geomorphology, or ecology can also create distinctive cultures, local products, and tourist attractions. In this sense, sustainability is crucial for islands’ development. However, “mainland/island relations” may distort such development towards dependence on mainland’s investment, consumption, or public finance, leading to increasing mainland’s control over an island. This conference examines how islands’ sustainable development can contribute to their political-economic autonomy.
Third, unlike a peaceful image of islands, many islands have become battlefields between imperial powers. Some of them are still put under heavy military presence. There is no peace on such islands, or they provide peace for their mainland. This conference asks geographers if geography was part of this and how we can practice geography for island peace. Answers may be twofold: epistemological and practical. Epistemologically, we may be caught in “the territorial trap” (thoughts based on closed homogeneous state territory) even when we see islands. For their sustainability, islands connect themselves to other islands and continents through seas, and these human-geographical elements constitute a “liminal” (in-between) space as a milieu for transnational connectivity. A territorially trapped epistemology needs to be deconstructed. Practically, state borders marginalize border islands while trans-border interactions such as border tourism, sister-city exchange, or bilateral developmental initiative for maritime borderland can increase islands’ sustainability without creating tensions. We believe that geography can contribute to promoting such interactions and empowering islands.
There are numerous islands in different geographical and geopolitical settings all over the world. Japan, as a typical island state, consists of approximately 7,000 islands and continues to face many of the challenges mentioned above. Thus, Japan is one of the best places to hold this conference. However, this conference is open to any case studies across the world if they fit in the main conference theme. It is also open to any IGU Commissions, geographers, other scientists, university students, and the public who wish to share the theme topics with us. After the conference, a book compiling selected papers will be published. We sincerely hope that this conference will contribute to creating a better, more sustainable, and more peaceful world through geography.
Collaboration with the IGU Thematic Conference on
the Ocean and Seas in Geographical Thought
The IGU Commission on the History of Geography (IGU-CHG, C20.24) will also organize the IGU Thematic Conference on the Ocean and Seas in Geographical Thought held in Milan, Italy in June 2023. Given that islands and the ocean are conceptually and empirically inseparable, we will actively collaborate with the IGU-CHG to connect the proposed two conferences so that they can provide a more significant and comprehensive forum on islands and the ocean. In order to connect the two conferences held in different places and times, we plan to organize a joint virtual session for each conference and/or a series of virtual lectures on both themes between the two conferences. We will do our best to realize this very new endeavor in the history of IGU thematic conferences.
Confirmed keynote speakers
Godfrey Baldacchino, University of Malta, Malta
Akihiro Iwashita, Hokkaido University, Japan
Hiroshi Kakazu, University of the Ryukyus (emeritus), Japan
Hiroko Matsuda, Kobe Gakuin University, Japan
Alison Mountz, Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada
Philip Steinberg, Durham University, UK